Several military experts even claimed that they could ‘call’ ufo’s
The Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev recently received an unusual request. A journalist from REN TV asked him if it was true that every Russian president was handed a secret map about ufos
Medvedev could confirm this. According to the Prime Minister receives a report every president of the secret services, which are responsible for monitoring the aliens on Russian territory.
On the question whether many aliens living among us did not answer Medvedev ‘to not to cause panic. He advised interested in the documentary series Men in Black view.
Some did the reaction of Medvedev off as a joke, but several former army officers from the Soviet era have recently decided the secrecy surrounding the mystery of UFOs to lift.
For more than 20 years in Moscow every year a conference on the study of paranormal phenomena. Many consecutive years were UFO sightings in the Soviet Union seen as pseudoscience or fiction. There were only a few enthusiasts who wanted to seriously study the facts.
In 1978 there was a turn when hundreds, if not thousands of inhabitants of the city Petrozavodsk hours a strange glowing object in the sky saw. The local emergency services were flooded with letters and phone calls. Even neighbors wondered what mysterious military exercise in the USSR was done.
Professor Anatoly Aleksandrov, the father of the Russian nuclear submarine and the designer of the first generation RBMK nuclear reactors, wrote them a letter that it was a big mistake would be to ignore the issue any longer. He found that it was necessary to set up special programs and to study these phenomena.
The source of this story is the retired Major General of the Russian security service FSB Vasili Jeremenko. He was previously responsible for a department within the KGB that the Air Force and oversaw the construction of aircraft. The department was also responsible for collecting all UFO sightings.
Around the time of his arrival had already numerous paranormal incidents. Missile Units received special instructions just in case they would see a UFO. The important thing was that they were not hostile preparation.
Early eighties, near the city of Astrakhan an experiment done to UFOs ‘to call’. Experts have discovered that UFOs were mainly observed in areas with “increased voltage”, for example in the case of a weapons test or in areas where military equipment was collected. Jeremenko noted that most of the objects looked like luminous globes.
Some even tried to make contact with the objects. “It worked as follows: one on the ground waved his arms, twice with his right arm and twice with his left arm. The ball in the air responded by twice to the right and lean to the left twice. We had no explanation, “said Jeremenko.
The army and the scientists who took part in the experiment had three possible explanations for the unknown flying objects. Firstly, the natural phenomena that modern science can not yet explain. Second, the U.S. or Japanese reconnaissance aircraft can be. Third, the alien ships may be.
During interviews with pilots and cosmonauts have already arranged Jeremenko heard stories about UFOs, but they want according to him not to speak publicly about. The Major-General is convinced that this issue should be taken seriously.
Researchers at Wits University in South Africa, including Peter Schmid from the University of Zurich, have described the anatomy of a single early hominin in six new studies. Australopithecus sediba was discovered near Johannesburg in 2008. The studies in Science demonstrate how our 2-million-year-old ancestor walked, chewed and moved.
The fossils discovered four years ago in Malapa near Johannesburg show a mixture of primitive features of australopiths and advanced features of later human species. The researchers led by Prof Lee Berger of Wits University are therefore of the opinion that the new species is currently the best candidate for a direct ancestor of our own genus Homo. Researchers are now presenting new studies, including those of Peter Schmid, who taught and did research at the University of Zurich until he retired. Also involved were UZH students Nakita Frater, Sandra Mathews a
nd Eveline Weissen.
Schmid has described the remains of Au. sediba‘s thorax. “They show a narrow upper ribcage, as the large apes have such as orangutans, chimpanzees and gorillas,” says Peter Schmid. The human thorax on the other hand is uniformly cylindrical. Along with the largely complete remnants of the pectoral girdle, we see the morphological picture of a conical ribcage with a raised shoulder joint, which looks like a permanent shrug. The less well-preserved elements of the lower thorax on the other hand indicate a slim waist, similar to that of a human being.
Conical ribcage makes it difficult to swing arms when walking
The narrow upper thorax of apes enables them to move the shoulder blade, which is important for climbing and brachiation in trees. Its conical shape makes it difficult, however, to swing their arms when walking upright or running, plus they were a similar length to an ape’s. This is why Schmid assumes that Au. sediba was not able to walk or run on both feet as well as humans. “They probably couldn’t run over longer distances, especially as they were unable to swing their arms, which saves energy,” says Schmid.
An examination of the lower extremities shows a heel, metatarsus, knee, hips and back, which are unique and unprecedented. Sediba must have walked with feet turned sharply inwards. This inward turn distinguishes it from other australopiths. The conclusion to be drawn is that our early ancestors were able to move around in a different way.
Arms for climbing and brachiation
Au. sediba was an experienced climber. This is shown by the remains of the upper arm, radius, ulna, scapula, clavicle and fragment of sternum found in Malapa. These clearly belong to a single individual, which is unique in the entire previously known fossil record of the earliest hominins. With the exception of the hand bones described above, the upper extremity is exceptionally original. Au. sediba, like all the other representatives of the Australopithecus genus, had arms that were suitable for climbing as well as possibly for brachiation. Perhaps this capability was even more pronounced than has been assumed for this genus hitherto.
Differences from Australopithecus afarensis
Based on the dental crowns the researchers assume that Au. sediba does not belong phylogenetically to the eastern African australopiths but is closer to Au. africanus and thus forms a southern African sister group. This has an impact on our modern understanding of the evolution of early hominins from the late Pliocene. As such, Au. sediba and maybe even Au. africanus were not descended from Au. afarensis.
The lower jaw of the female skeleton was also examined along with previously unknown incisors and premolars. As noted already on the skull and other areas of the skeleton, the mandibular remains show similarities with other australopiths. They differ, however, in size and shape as well as in ontogenetic growth changes of Au. africanus. These results support the hypothesis that Au. sediba is taxonomically different from Au. africanus. In the relevant differences the parts of the lower jaw appear most to resemble those representatives of early Homo.
An analysis of the cervical, thoracic, lumbar and sacral region of the spinal column shows that Au. sediba had the same number of lumbar vertebrae as modern man. The strong hollow back suggests that he was more advanced in this area than Au. africanus and may be more likely compared with Homo erectus.
The new studies show a unique image of a human species with a mosaic-like physique. Some body parts are similar to those of earlier and others to those of later hominins. “The numerous similarities with Homo erectus suggest that Au. sediba represents the most appropriate early form of the genus Homo,” says Peter Schmid. The previous candidates are too fragmentary to be capable of occupying this position.
KLM has lanced this week’s contest “Claim your place in Space” . Participants in this competition can win the ultimate prize: a trip through space. And also you can join!
Joining this contest is simple. On Monday, April 22, KLM will launch a balloon with onboard cameras and a GPS in the Nevada desert. Once the balloon reach, it will expand and eventually pop apart. The load in the balloon along with it, then sail to a parachute back to earth.
To win you just have to predict when to balloon pops and were it will pop.
Go to klm space to make a chance!
Deep in the jungle and high in the mountains of Peru, live the last members of an ancient highly developed civilization. Discover the hidden planet of the Incas.
From the thirteenth century the Incas to an unprecedented expansion in the difficult terrain Andean region.
Eighty years later extended the power of the Incas themselves from the extreme south of Colombia to the northwest of Argentina and Chile, over a length of 4000 km. This was the Inca empire territorially the largest in the world.
Characteristic of the Inca Empire was the high degree of political and cultural integration. Aided by an extensive road network were the Inca rulers their empire under control. Their religion based on worship of the sun god Inti, spread throughout the empire.
The Incas had no formal writing, but through knotted ropes or messages were passed. The discovery of America by Columbus in 1492 eventually led to the fall of the empire.
For the last ten years, theoretical physicists have shown that the intense connections generated between particles as established in the quantum law of ‘entanglement’ may hold the key to eventual teleportation of information.
Now, for the first time, researchers have worked out how entanglement could be ‘recycled’ to increase the efficiency of these connections. Published in the journal Physical Review Letters, the result could conceivably take us a step closer to sci-fi style teleportation in the future, although this research is purely theoretical in nature.
The team have also devised a generalised form of teleportation, which allows for a wide variety of potential applications in quantum physics.
Once considered impossible, in 1993 a team of scientists calculated that teleportation could work in principle using quantum laws. Quantum teleportation harnesses the ‘entanglement’ law to transmit particle-sized bites of information across potentially vast distances in an instant.
Entanglement involves a pair of quantum particles such as electrons or protons that are intrinsically bound together, retaining synchronisation between the two that holds whether the particles are next to each other or on opposing sides of a galaxy. Through this connection, quantum bits of information – qubits – can be relayed using only traditional forms of classical communication.
Previous teleportation protocols have fallen into one of two camps, those that could only send scrambled information requiring correction by the receiver or, more recently, “port-based” teleportation that doesn’t require a correction, but needs an impractical amount of entanglement – as each object sent would destroy the entangled state.
Now, physicists from Cambridge, University College London, and the University of Gdansk have developed a protocol to provide an optimal solution in which the entangled state is ‘recycled’, so that the gateway between particles holds for the teleportation of multiple objects.
They have even devised a protocol in which multiple qubits can be teleported simultaneously, although the entangled state degrades proportionally to the amount of qubits sent in both cases.
“The first protocol consists of sequentially teleporting states, and the second teleports them in a bulk,” said Sergii Strelchuk from Cambridge’s Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics, who led the research with colleagues Jonathan Oppenheim of Cambridge and UCL and Michal Horodecki of the University of Gdansk.
“We have also found a generalised teleportation technique which we hope will find applications in areas such as quantum computation.”
Einstein famously loathed the theory of quantum entanglement, dismissing it as “spooky action at a distance”. But entanglement has since been proven to be a very real feature of our universe, and one that has extraordinary potential to advance all manner of scientific endeavor.
“There is a close connection between teleportation and quantum computers, which are devices which exploit quantum mechanics to perform computations which would not be feasible on a classical computer,” said Strelchuk.
“Building a quantum computer is one of the great challenges of modern physics, and it is hoped that the new teleportation protocol will lead to advances in this area.”
While the Cambridge physicists’ protocol is completely theoretical, last year a team of Chinese scientists reported teleporting photons over 143km, breaking previous records, and quantum entanglement is increasingly seen as an important area of scientific investment. Teleportation of information carried by single atoms is feasible with current technologies, but the teleportation of large objects – such as Captain Kirk – remains in the realm of science fiction.
Adds Strelchuk: “Entanglement can be thought of as the fuel, which powers teleportation. Our protocol is more fuel efficient, able to use entanglement thriftily while eliminating the need for error correction.”