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Monthly Archives: April 2013

Ex-KGB agent talks about ufo’s

kgb_badge_20126_redIn the Soviet Union ufo’s were taken seriously. The secret service KGB and the Soviet Ministry of Defense had special units for information about paranormal activities to collect and analyze.

Several military experts even claimed that they could  ‘call’  ufo’s

The Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev recently received an unusual request. A journalist from REN TV asked him if it was true that every Russian president was handed a secret map about ufos

Secrecy

Medvedev could confirm this. According to the Prime Minister receives a report every president of the secret services, which are responsible for monitoring the aliens on Russian territory.

On the question whether many aliens living among us did not answer Medvedev ‘to not to cause panic. He advised interested in the documentary series Men in Black view.

Some did the reaction of Medvedev off as a joke, but several former army officers from the Soviet era have recently decided the secrecy surrounding the mystery of UFOs to lift.

For more than 20 years in Moscow every year a conference on the study of paranormal phenomena. Many consecutive years were UFO sightings in the Soviet Union seen as pseudoscience or fiction. There were only a few enthusiasts who wanted to seriously study the facts.

Reversal

In 1978 there was a turn when hundreds, if not thousands of inhabitants of the city Petrozavodsk hours a strange glowing object in the sky saw. The local emergency services were flooded with letters and phone calls. Even neighbors wondered what mysterious military exercise in the USSR was done.

Professor Anatoly Aleksandrov, the father of the Russian nuclear submarine and the designer of the first generation RBMK nuclear reactors, wrote them a letter that it was a big mistake would be to ignore the issue any longer. He found that it was necessary to set up special programs and to study these phenomena.

The source of this story is the retired Major General of the Russian security service FSB Vasili Jeremenko. He was previously responsible for a department within the KGB that the Air Force and oversaw the construction of aircraft. The department was also responsible for collecting all UFO sightings.

Around the time of his arrival had already numerous paranormal incidents. Missile Units received special instructions just in case they would see a UFO. The important thing was that they were not hostile preparation.

Experiment

Early eighties, near the city of Astrakhan an experiment done to UFOs ‘to call’. Experts have discovered that UFOs were mainly observed in areas with “increased voltage”, for example in the case of a weapons test or in areas where military equipment was collected. Jeremenko noted that most of the objects looked like luminous globes.

Some even tried to make contact with the objects. “It worked as follows: one on the ground waved his arms, twice with his right arm and twice with his left arm. The ball in the air responded by twice to the right and lean to the left twice. We had no explanation, “said Jeremenko.

The army and the scientists who took part in the experiment had three possible explanations for the unknown flying objects. Firstly, the natural phenomena that modern science can not yet explain. Second, the U.S. or Japanese reconnaissance aircraft can be. Third, the alien ships may be.

During interviews with pilots and cosmonauts have already arranged Jeremenko heard stories about UFOs, but they want according to him not to speak publicly about. The Major-General is convinced that this issue should be taken seriously.

How 2-Million-Year-Old Ancestor Moved: Sediba’s Ribcage and Feet Were Not Suitable for Running

Researchers at Wits University in South Africa, including Peter Schmid from the University of Zurich, have described the anatomy of a single early hominin in six new studies. Australopithecus sediba was discovered near Johannesburg in 2008. The studies in Science demonstrate how our 2-million-year-old ancestor walked, chewed and moved.

The fossils discovered four years ago in Malapa near Johannesburg show a mixture of primitive features of australopiths and advanced features of later human species. The researchers led by Prof Lee Berger of Wits University are therefore of the opinion that the new species is currently the best candidate for a direct ancestor of our own genus Homo. Researchers are now presenting new studies, including those of Peter Schmid, who taught and did research at the University of Zurich until he retired. Also involved were UZH students Nakita Frater, Sandra Mathews a

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nd Eveline Weissen.

 

Schmid has described the remains of Au. sediba‘s thorax. “They show a narrow upper ribcage, as the large apes have such as orangutans, chimpanzees and gorillas,” says Peter Schmid. The human thorax on the other hand is uniformly cylindrical. Along with the largely complete remnants of the pectoral girdle, we see the morphological picture of a conical ribcage with a raised shoulder joint, which looks like a permanent shrug. The less well-preserved elements of the lower thorax on the other hand indicate a slim waist, similar to that of a human being.

 

Conical ribcage makes it difficult to swing arms when walking

 

The narrow upper thorax of apes enables them to move the shoulder blade, which is important for climbing and brachiation in trees. Its conical shape makes it difficult, however, to swing their arms when walking upright or running, plus they were a similar length to an ape’s. This is why Schmid assumes that Au. sediba was not able to walk or run on both feet as well as humans. “They probably couldn’t run over longer distances, especially as they were unable to swing their arms, which saves energy,” says Schmid.

 

An examination of the lower extremities shows a heel, metatarsus, knee, hips and back, which are unique and unprecedented. Sediba must have walked with feet turned sharply inwards. This inward turn distinguishes it from other australopiths. The conclusion to be drawn is that our early ancestors were able to move around in a different way.

 

Arms for climbing and brachiation

 

Au. sediba was an experienced climber. This is shown by the remains of the upper arm, radius, ulna, scapula, clavicle and fragment of sternum found in Malapa. These clearly belong to a single individual, which is unique in the entire previously known fossil record of the earliest hominins. With the exception of the hand bones described above, the upper extremity is exceptionally original. Au. sediba, like all the other representatives of the Australopithecus genus, had arms that were suitable for climbing as well as possibly for brachiation. Perhaps this capability was even more pronounced than has been assumed for this genus hitherto.

 

Differences from Australopithecus afarensis

 

Based on the dental crowns the researchers assume that Au. sediba does not belong phylogenetically to the eastern African australopiths but is closer to Au. africanus and thus forms a southern African sister group. This has an impact on our modern understanding of the evolution of early hominins from the late Pliocene. As such, Au. sediba and maybe even Au. africanus were not descended from Au. afarensis.

 

The lower jaw of the female skeleton was also examined along with previously unknown incisors and premolars. As noted already on the skull and other areas of the skeleton, the mandibular remains show similarities with other australopiths. They differ, however, in size and shape as well as in ontogenetic growth changes of Au. africanus. These results support the hypothesis that Au. sediba is taxonomically different from Au. africanus. In the relevant differences the parts of the lower jaw appear most to resemble those representatives of early Homo.

 

An analysis of the cervical, thoracic, lumbar and sacral region of the spinal column shows that Au. sediba had the same number of lumbar vertebrae as modern man. The strong hollow back suggests that he was more advanced in this area than Au. africanus and may be more likely compared with Homo erectus.

 

The new studies show a unique image of a human species with a mosaic-like physique. Some body parts are similar to those of earlier and others to those of later hominins. “The numerous similarities with Homo erectus suggest that Au. sediba represents the most appropriate early form of the genus Homo,” says Peter Schmid. The previous candidates are too fragmentary to be capable of occupying this position.

Win a trip too space with KLM

KLM has lanced this week’s contest “Claim your place in Space. Participants in this competition can win the ultimate prize: a trip through space. And also you can join!

Joining this contest is simple. On Monday, April 22, KLM will launch a balloon with onboard cameras and a GPS in the Nevada desert.  Once the balloon reach, it will expand and eventually pop apart. The load  in the balloon along with it, then sail to a parachute back to earth.

Win

To win you just have to predict when to balloon pops and were it will pop.

Go to klm space to make a chance!

 

 

The world is a …

The world is a dangerous place to live; not because of the people who are evil, but because of the people who don’t do anything about it.

Albert Einstein

The hidden planet of the Incas

Deep in the jungle and high in the mountains of Peru, live the last members of an ancient highly developed civilization. Discover the hidden planet of the Incas.

From the thirteenth century the Incas to an unprecedented expansion in the difficult terrain Andean region.

Eighty years later extended the power of the Incas themselves from the extreme south of Colombia to the northwest of Argentina and Chile, over a length of 4000 km. This was the Inca empire territorially the largest in the world.

Characteristic of the Inca Empire was the high degree of political and cultural integration. Aided by an extensive road network were the Inca rulers their empire under control. Their religion based on worship of the sun god Inti, spread throughout the empire.

The Incas had no formal writing, but through knotted ropes or messages were passed. The discovery of America by Columbus in 1492 eventually led to the fall of the empire.